That from itself represented religious cults of old Egypt
Many scientists declare Aton cult real break in the history of human spirituality and culture evolution: it is the monotheist religion 1st in the world representing «the top of spotless reason rising over low prejudices». Snachalo god of the sun in Egypt – Aton was only one of manifestations of a solar deity ("sphere" or "disk" of the midday sun) and occupied low situation in a fivansky pantheon while Amenkhotep III has not chosen it the personal deity patron. After Ekhnaton has officially glorified Aton over other gods, having referred all their manifestations and characteristics to one all-powerful essence. People continued to uplift entreaties to Maat (truth), but the whole caste of underground and heavenly gods simply «has been thrown out for a board».
History and religious cults of old Egypt, their evolution
Eventually the place of gloomy rituals of a cult of Osiris was occupied by new religious cults of old Egypt – the solemn chants glorifying life under fertile beams of Aton, similar to this fragment from «the Anthem to Aton»: The earth when you ascend in a sky lights up: you shine, as a solar disk, you disperse a gloom, generously sending the beams, and Two Earth wakes up, exulting, and rises to the feet. You have woken them – and they wash the bodies, and take the clothes. Their hands are stretched to you, they glorify you when you shine it is necessary all землею, and they work, performing the works. The cattle rejoices on meadows own, trees and herbs turn green, birds take off from nests own, and wings glorify them your soul. All animals jump standing own, all winged flies on wings own, all revive, when light up them the light. Features of religion of old Egypt arise that there is a similarity between this "Anthem" and the bible books, attributed to Solomon (made as it is considered, for 500 years later). It is caused by impact of a solntsepoklonnichesky cult on early monotheism of Jews. In work «Moisey and monotheism» Freud argued that Moisey was the Egyptian grandee, and the bible End – «a pious invention which much later tradition has processed for own own purposes». On the contrary, in Ahmed Osman book the theory develops that Ekhnaton borrowed idea from legends about the Judaic god, heard from Iuya, the grandfather of the Pharaoh on a parent strip which the founder identifies with antiquated Joseph. By the way, to move on the country, you can always use a taxi in Egypt.
God of the sun in Egypt, its impact on development of the fine arts
It is not less riddles and questions puts before us art of this period. The nature and life of people, instead of other world and life after death was the centre of attention of amarnsky painters. Imperial portrait images unlike the former – formalised and deprived of feature – are full of realism (this process has begun already in recent years Amenkhotep’s III boards to what the image of the corpulent governor testifies, faded and clumsily hobbling after Teye). Images of Nile fauna and scenes in thickets of a reed remain a popular subject, but birds and fishes any more are not signs of powers of chaos. God of the sun in Egypt, its temples of Aton opened to sunshine put new tasks before designers and painters, which connected receptions of a bas-relief and a vrezanny relief to allocate details with a play of light and shadows. Features of art culture of old Egypt arise in treatment of human figures, for example – Ekhnatona, whose extended skull and womanly shapes of a body (appropriate, for example, for the giants of the Pharaoh being in the Cairo museum of antiquities) became the basis for guesses that the master, maybe, suffered Marfan’s syndrome – the rare genetic disease which manifestations are some mental differences and anomalies in appearance – or was the hermaphrodite. Some say that all amarnsky style in art has grown from Ekhnaton’s physiognomic features, others consider violations of proportions by only an artistic touch, in any way neotklonimy, judging by Nefertiti’s smart sculptural portrait. Defenders of a hypothesis that «Ekhnaton was the sick person», point to a unique scene for the Egyptian art, in what the Pharaoh certainly suffers from an attack of vomiting. But, during the amarnsky period there are more unique images of the tsar accepting food, and after all nobody undertakes to argue that other Pharaohs – both to, and after Ekhnaton – never ate. Art and customs of Egypt are very interesting, acquaintance to them makes a considerable part of the cultural program of numerous rounds. We advise to you to use such service, as early booking of rounds to Egypt. You will have wider choice and can is weakened to go to Egypt at the end of June.
To go to Egypt the 1st time it is better with the organised group. For inhabitants of the South of Eastern Siberia комфортабельны there will be permits to Egypt from Irkutsk.